Sociobiology, 51(1):207-218. http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/volume/sociobiologyv51n12008.html#18, Morrison LW, 1997. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus anthracinus. Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). New hymenopterous parasites of ants (Chalcidoidae: Eucharidae). Australian Entomologist, 30(1):31-38; 17 ref, Zerhusen D, Rashid M, 1992. Sociobiology. San Salvador, Bahamas: Bahamian Field Station, 15-22, Deyrup M, Johnson C, Wheeler GC, Wheeler J, 1989. Hymenopterologische Notizen. Acceptability of different sugars and oils to three tropical ant species (Hymen., Formicidae). Boulder, Colorado, USA: Westview Press, 23-43, Perkins RCL, 1913. Insectes Sociaux 32(2): 128-139. Pacific Science, 47(1):21-33, Goebel R, Fernandez E, Begue JM, Alauzet C, 1999. 43 (2), 211-220. http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/sociobiologyindex.html. 1. 2014g, Pacific Invasive Ants Taxonomy Workshop Manual, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. 25 (3), 253-259. Entomol. 2020. Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhälles Handlingar. 2002). 33 (3), 119-122. Wilson, E. O. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0GP_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. Wetterer J. K., X. Espadaler, A. L. Wetterer, D. Aguin-Pombo, and A. M. Franquinho-Aguiar. Minor (Grand Bahama Island): HW 0.54, HL 0.62, SL 0.66, EL 0.12, PW 0.34. Rafael, J.A., Limeira-de-Oliveira, F., Hutchings, R.W., Miranda, G.F.G., Silva Neto, A.M.da, Somavilla, A., Camargo, A., Asenjo, A., Pinto, Â.P., Bello, A.de M., Dalmorra, C., Mello-Patiu, C.A.de, Carvalho, C.J.B.de, Takiya, D.M., Parizotto, D.R., Marques, D.W.A., Cavalheiro, D.de O., Mendes, D.M.de M., Zeppelini, D., Carneiro, E., Lima, É.F.B., Lima, E.C.A.de, Godoi, F.S.P.de, Pessoa, F.A.C., Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z., Sosa-Duque, F.J., Flores, H.F., Fernandes, I.O., Silva-Júnior, J.O., Gomes, L.R.P., Monné, M.L., Castro, M.C.M.de, Silva, M.P.G.da, Couri, M.S., Gottschalk, M.S., Soares, M.M.M., Monné, M.A., Rafael, M.S., Casagrande, M.M., Mielke, O.H.H., Grossi, P.C., Pinto, P.J.C., Bartholomay, P.R., Sobral, R., Heleodoro, R.A., Machado, R.J.P., Corrêa, R.C., Hutchings, R.S.G., Ale-Rocha, R., Santos, S.D.dos, Lima, S.P.de, Mahlmann, T., Silva, V.C., Fernandes, D.R.R. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus kuakea : US Fish and Wildlife Service.29 pp. Butl. Jahrb. The minor workers are small, yellow to brown, small propodeal spines, and no antennal scrobes. Ecology, 69(4):1302-1305, Cornelius ML, Grace JK, Yates JRIII, 1996. Metatibia relatively short (FI 65–72), metafemur pilosity on inner edge decumbent, on outer edge suberect to subdecumbent. Zootaxa 1902: 1-118. http://www.issg.org/database. : Belknap Press of Harvard U. Menozzi C. 1942. Superfamily Formicoidea. Temperatura: 22-28 °C. Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). Boulder, Colorado, USA: Westview Press, Wilson EO, 1971. i–xvi, 1199–2209. Propodeal spines much shorter than distance between their bases, short-spinose to subtriangular and acute (PSLI 13–16, mean: 14). 1999;Wilson 2003; Burwell et al. 1990. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 29(2):87-88; 6 ref, Beardsley JW Jr, Su TH, McEwen FL, Gerling D, 1982. 24 (1), 25-33. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 23(1):119-123, Mercer PC, 1978. Propodeum about as long as high, in profile slightly declining toward spines. Deyrup, M., Davis, L. & Cover, S. 2000. I. Formicidae. Borowiec L. 2014. 2018. Because P. megacephala is a morphologically variable species, series with several major workers are much more helpful for positive identifications. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. Exotic Ants: Biology, Impact, and Control of Introduced Species. Braet Y., and B. Taylor. In: The ants of Polynesia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), 109 pp. Wien. A revision of. Ann. In: Eshbaugh WH, ed. : Pyralidae) on Reunion Island. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 43(1):151-167, Wetterer JK, 1998. Mandibles relatively short (MDI 63–70), smooth. Metafemur short (FI 114–125), metatibia with decumbent pilosity and scattered suberect longer hairs on outer edge. They do best in relatively moist, disturbed habitats, thus thrive around human habitations and in cultivated land. This species is a cosmopolitan pest thought to have arisen in Africa. Fischer and Fisher (2013) - The types are presumed lost. Journal of Applied Entomology, 113(3):258-264. Pests and diseases of groundnuts in Malawi. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus facilis. Of the group of four species that were found to be aggressive, P. megacephala was the most adept at finding and recruiting to food in a laboratory arena experiment. What to feed during its time in the tube? Bulletin of Entomological Research, 68(1):105-121, Tinzaara W, 2005. Ritualized aggressive behavior reveals distinct social structures in native and introduced range tawny crazy ants. II. Chemical ecology and integrated management of the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus in Uganda. Geographic and taxonomic distribution of a positive interaction: ant-tended homopterans indirectly benefit figs across southern Africa. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. Biological control of tephritid fruit flies in the Americas and Hawaii: A review of the use of parasitoids and predators. Washington, D. C. USA: Smithsonian Institution Press. Pheidole megacephala minor worker lateral.JPG 1,116 × 693; 147 KB Starr-100616-7096-plant-Acacia mearnsii-habitat and Pheidole megacephala nest under concrete block-Waipoli Rd Kula (9235192582).jpg 3,648 × 2,736; 3.58 MB Biological Invasions. CAB Abstracts Data Mining., CABI, Undated. miód z wodą) Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Madeiran archipelago. Res. tree. Lisbonne: Imprimerie de la Librairie Ferin, 4 pp. Dieta: Pokarm białkowy(np. Soc. Species Description. Zootaxa 3683: 301-356, Garcia F.H., Wiesel E. and Fischer G. 2013.The Ants of Kenya (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)—Faunal Overview, First Species Checklist, Bibliography, Accounts for All Genera, and Discussion on Taxonomy and Zoogeography. The ants of Tokelau. Oecologia, 87(2):233-239, Barro PJde, 1990. Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). Pheidole megacephala Jest gatunkiem inwazyjnej mrówki, występującym głównie w Ameryce Północnej, oraz Australii. Food acceptability and distribution in the colony of the bigheaded ant, Pheidole megacephala (Fabr.) Mission entomologique au Parc National de Pongara (Gabon). Ward D, Beggs J, 2007. Poliginiczny.Gatunek ten zazwyczaj zabija wszystkie inne gatunki mrówek, na terenie na którym występuje. Characteristics of tramp species. Am. Lille brandmyre in Danish big- headed ant in English In Florida, USA it has a sporadic distribution and does not appear to be rapidly spreading (. Laboratory tests with candidate insecticides for control of the big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius). If you see ants that have a strictly dimorphic worker force, then it probably is a Pheidole. As the name implies, its colonies include soldier ants with disproportionately large heads. Descriptions of new species of aculeate Hymenoptera collected by the Rev. 1985. Head shape roundly ovoid, slightly longer than wide (CI 86–92), sides convex, posterior head margin rounded laterally, medially sometimes slightly compressed, occipital carina very narrow in full-face view, often weakly impressed medially. ], Cudjoe AR, Neuenschwander P, Copland MJW, 1993. I. Trägårdh. Ruth M., D. S. Didier, O. J. Marie, B. I. Joseph, A. Akoa, and B. Bilong. Rev. In: U.S. Coexistence, habitat patterns and the assembly of ant communities in the Yasawa islands, Fiji. Insect pests of coconuts in the Pacific region. Ser. Role of insect communities and water in the dissemination of Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.) Comportamiento de Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmecinae [sic]) ante deferentes tipos de cebos. Vanderwoude C, Bruyn L A L de, House A P N, 2000. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 78: 349-400. Bernard F. 1953. In Hawaii this is the dominant ant in many habitats (Huddleston and Fluker 1968), with disastrous effects on the native arthropods, but in Florida it is a minor species. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. The Pacific Invasive Ant Key (PIAKey) manual Pacific Invasive Ants Taxonomy Workshop Manual can both be used in identifying invasive ants in the Pacific region. Presence/absence sampling of mealybugs, ants, and major predators in pineapple. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Bermudian ants revisited: the status and interaction of Pheidole megacephala and Iridomyrmex humilis. Major: outline of head plus mandibles in full-face view forms a near-perfect heart shape; rugoreticulum present between eye and antennal fossa. Disorders of pods, kernels and seedlings. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. 2015. Description. Species temporal variability: epigaeic ant assemblages and management for abundance and scarcity. Standing hairs short to moderately long, relatively coarse, erect to suberect, not abundant, and usually with some to several hairs apically split or bifurcate. janpi2000. Sharaf M. R., B. L. Fisher, H. M. Al Dhafer, A. Polaszek and A. S. Aldawood. Rozmiary: 2-4mm (robotnica, występują żołnierze), 5-6mm (królowa) Wilgotność: Ok. 65%. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Diatraea saccharalis (sugarcane stalk borer), Hylaeus anthracinus (anthricinan yellow-faced bee), US Fish and Wildlife Service, California Distribution: In April 2014, Pheidole megacephala was found at a residential property in Costa Mesa. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(1):74-80, Reimer NJ, Beardsley JW, Jahn G, 1990. Wymowa Pheidole megacephala z 1 wymowa, i bardziej do Pheidole megacephala. The most apparent and stable differences, however, seem to be the amount of sculpture on the posterior half of the major worker’s head, the type and overall quantity of standing hairs on the meso- and metasoma, as well as the shape of the postpetiolar ventral processes. In: U.S. Ztg. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. In: Williams, DF, ed. VIII. Polynesian ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) species richness and distribution: a regional survey. Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Ant Genus. Sociobiology. (2)15: 159-167. Predominance of Pheidole megacephala (Fab.) 2: Apocrita (Aculeata), pp. A revision of the Bornean species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology. A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus. Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des insectes. in cacao plantations in the Ivory Coast. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus kuakea. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0GQ_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. Florida Entomologist. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 30:163-175, Wheeler GC, Wheeler J, 1953. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. II. Hymenoptera Formicidae. Notes on ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Gambia (Western Africa). Pheidole is a genus of ants that belongs to the ant subfamily Myrmicinae.The genus is widespread and ecologically dominant. 9:e010004; 1-38. doi: Smith, D. R. 1979. Environmental Entomology, 17(1):132-134, Reimer NJ, Beardsley JW Jr, 1990. Mém. 54: 523-530 (page 530, senior synonym of testacea), Dalla Torre, K. W. von. U.S. Queen?? Inverse dispersal patterns in a group of ant parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Eucharitidae: Oraseminae) and their ant hosts. Wheeler W M, 1922. Japanese Journal of Entomology (New Series). Fourmis du Natal et du Zoulouland récoltées par le Dr. Its workers harvest seeds, scavenge, prey on invertebrates and small vertebrates, and attend a wide range of hemipterans [12] , [13] , [14] . 1978. 2014f, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Bras. We have no explanation why it is not a dominant species in tropical and subtropical parts of the state. Hoffman, B. D., A. N. Andersen, G. J. E. Hill 1999. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. Behavioral responses to numerical differences when two invasive ants meet: the case of Lasius neglectus and Linepithema humile. Santschi F. 1914. Field investigations on the interrelationships of the big-headed ant, the gray pineapple mealybug, and pineapple mealybug wilt disease in Hawaii. Diversity and distribution of introduced and potentially invasive ant species from the three main ecoregions of Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa). The abundance and interspecific relations of common ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on cocoa farms in western Nigeria. IX. 2018. CDFA conducted a visual and SPAM-bait survey of a 5-mile radius around this site. Yu, Y. Bull. Promesonotum moderately high-domed, in profile usually subangulate posteriorly, humeri in dorsal view not produced, promesonotal process not conspicuously produced, posterior declivity often weakly marginate anteriorly (at posterior end of pronotum), oblique and angulate at its lower portion. view this species on IUCN Red List. : Belknap Press of Harvard U. (1990) observed hygienic behavior involving the heaping away from nests of bodies of dead colony members by this ant. Though identified from stray specimens (possibly in cargo) much earlier, the pest first made its presence known as a colonist in South Perth in 1942 (May and Heterick 2000). Entomological Science 13, 425–429, Kirschenbaum, R. & Grace, J.K. 2008. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The African big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Catálogo abreviado das formigas da Regiao Neotropical. Bras. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0HT_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World. Santschi F. 1939. Extrait des Mémoires publiés par la Société Portugaise des Sciences Naturelles. Genus 23(4): 461-563. Noire 10: 284-294. Kouakou L. M. M., W. Dekoninck, M. Kone, T. Delsinne, K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, and S. Konate. 1975. New Zealand Journal of Zoology. Spines short-spinose to subtriangular in profile (PSI 11–14). In: Vander Meer RK, Jaffe K, Cedeno A, eds. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. Wheeler W. M. 1922. Kouakou L. M. 2015. Bernard F. 1950. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. Extension Bulletin - Food & Fertilizer Technology Center, No.493:1-7; 11 ref, Leston D, 1973. Proceedings of the Hawaii Entomological Society, 3:349-368, Illingworth JF, 1927. Hymenoptera, Vol. It probably includes more than a thousand species. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 25:53-58, Chang VCS, Ota AK, Sanders D, 1980. Lévieux J. Foraging behavior of field populations of the big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Official Control: Pheidole megacephala is listed as a quarantine pest by French Polynesia, Japan, and the Republic of Korea 14. (Hym., Formicidae) with the fire ant bait 'AMDRO' and its secondary effect on the population of the African weaver ant Oecophylla longinoda Latreille (Hym., Formicidae). Several of the subspecies are probably synonyms (unpublished data), and a number of described and undescribed related species add to the taxonomic confusion within the megacephala group. Berlin, German Federal Republic; Springer-Verlag, 732 pp, Illingworth JF, 1917. :440-442, González-Hernández H, Johnson MW, Reimer NJ, 1999. Cambridge, Mass. Oscillations of tropical insect populations. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Japanese Journal of Entomology (New Series), 3(3):97-103; 13 ref, Taylor B, 1977. Description Top of page Most species of the genus Pheidole, including P. megacephala, have 12-segmented antennae, the terminal three segments of which are enlarged to form a discrete three-segmented club, and a discrete soldier or major worker caste with an allometrically enlarged head. Katayama, M., Tsuji, K. 2010. Formicidae s. lt. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. Application of the selective fire ant bait AMDRO against the harmful brown house ant, Pheidole megacephala, for improvement of the biological control of the coconut bug, Pseudotheraptus wayi, by the beneficial red weaver ant, Oecophylla longinoda. (page 232, queen described), Le Breton, J., G. Takaku, and K. Tsuji. 2014c, Hylaeus hilaris (hilaris yellow-faced bee), US Fish and Wildlife Service, 32 (2), 215-223. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1146609X DOI:10.1016/j.actao.2007.05.002, Wetterer J K, Espadaler X, Wetterer A L, Aguin-Pombo D, Franquinho-Aguiar A M, 2007. Stapley J H, 1973. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, 6(3):11-14, Castiñeiras A, Obregon O, Borges A, 1985. 2016. Wilson (2003), in his description of the megacephala species group: The single species of this African complex known from the New World, megacephala, is a tropicopolitan tramp globally spread by human commerce. Impact of Pheidole megacephala (F.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on the biological control of Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). Tropics Monogr. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. Entomol. We studied the behaviour of the invasive African myrmicine ant, Pheidole megacephala, when confronted with colonies of other common ant species in Cameroon, a part of its native range, and in Mexico, where it has been introduced.P. The colour of both types varies from yellowish-brown or reddish-brown to nearly black. Hymenoptera, Vol. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 45:1005-1055, Williams DF ed, 1994. Études sur les maladies et les parasites du cacaoyer et d'autres plantes cultivées à S. Thomé. Ecological Entomology, 2(3):245-255, Taylor B, Adedoyin SF, 1978. Formicides nouveaux ou peu connus du Congo français. Die europäischen Formiciden. Ant control on protea in Hawaii. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus mana : US Fish and Wildlife Service.30 pp. It is widespread in south and central Florida north to St. Augustine (St. Johns Co.), but sporadic, often occurring as a huge polydomous population, for example at the Selby Gardens in Sarasota County. Nat. Jest jedną ze 100 najgorszych inwazyjnych gatunków świata. Mus. Loke PooiYen, Lee ChowYang, 2004. Nest sites are highly variable, from within and beneath rotting logs and underneath rocks and sidewalk flagstones to the bark and trunk-based detritus of standing trees. Insect Science doi: 10.1111/1744-7917.12208. Ant mosaic in oil palm plantations of the Southwest Province of Cameroon: impact on leaf miner beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 24(1):51-67, Berry JA, Green OR, Shattuck SO, 1997. Pests and diseases of groundnuts in Malawi. The maintenance of the ant mosaic in Ghana cocoa farms. 9. 3: 97-110. Preliminary contributions toward a revision of the ant genus Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Stephens S. S., P. B. Bosu, and M. R. Wager. Fischer and Fisher (2013) - Moderately small species (WL major 0.99–1.22 mm, WL minor 0.62–0.84 mm), with moderately short scapes (SI minor 114–122, major SI 47–58) and legs (FI minor 114–125, FI major 65–73), both workers subcastes with acute short-spinose propodeal spines, absent promesonotal process, and postpetiole with large convex ventral process, mesosoma with relatively few, usually stiff and often blunt or apically bifurcate standing hairs, scape pilosity subdecumbent to suberect, hind tibia pilosity on inner edge decumbent, along outer edge subdecumbent to suberect. Minor head shape usually ovoid and posterior head margin slightly compressed, head almost as wide as long (CI 86–92), face completely smooth and shiny, except for sometimes weakly developed concentric rugulae around antennal insertions, postpetiole on average 0.8 times as long as petiole (PpLI 70–91). Outlook on Agriculture, 7(5):211-217, Takahashi K, Ohbayashi T, Sota N, 2000. Berl. dans les cacaoyeres de la Cote d'Ivoire.). megacephala. If I were handed specimens and told they b… Oecologia 84: 482-490. Journal of the Linnean Society: Zoology. A preliminary list of the ants of Florida. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus hilaris : US Fish and Wildlife Service.31 pp. Butl. Preferred name: Pheidole megacephala ; Authority: (Fabricius) Common names. Pheidole species Pheidole megacephala Name Synonyms Formica megacephala Fabricius, 1793 Homonyms Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius, 1793) Common names Grosskopfameise in language. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Kouakou L. M. M., K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, W. Dekoninck, T. Delsinne, and S. Konate. 78 (2), 264-270. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) foraging in citrus trees and attending honeydew-producing Homoptera. Contribution à l'étude de l'Aïr. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. by Krombein KV, Hurd PDJr, Smith DR, Burks BD]. Sociobiology 49: 265-297. Hibernation by the lepidopteran stalk borers, Busseola fusca and Chilo partellus on grain sorghum. Fine, short pilosity not abundant. Minor Measurements (n=20): HW 0.50–0.61 (0.55), HL 0.57–0.68 (0.62), SL 0.61– 0.72 (0.65), MDL 0.32–0.41 (0.36), EL 0.12–0.15 (0.13), WL 0.62–0.84 (0.73), PNH 0.22–0.29 (0.25), PNW 0.32–0.39 (0.35), MNH 0.42–0.53 (0.46), PDH 0.21–0.27 (0.24), PTL 0.22–0.28 (0.24), PPL 0.17–0.22 (0.19), PTH 0.13–0.16 (0.14), PPH 0.16–0.19 (0.14), PTW 0.09–0.11 (0.10), PPW 0.17–0.21 (0.18), PSL 0.07–0.10 (0.08), MFL 0.57–0.76 (0.67), MTL 0.44–0.57 (0.51), CI 86–92 (90), SI 114–122 (118), MDI 63–70 (66), EI 22– 26 (24), FI 114–125 (121), PSLI 13–16 (14), LPpI 94–120 (109), DPpI 89–112 (98), PpWI 164–200 (180), PpLI 70–91 (79), PpHI 110–146 (125). Fr. Ent. 2008. Entomol. 45: 711-1004 (page 812, senior synonym of pusilla (and its junior synonyms janus, laevigata Smith, and laevigata Mayr)). Le Breton et al. 5:2673-2683. doi: Brown, W. L., Jr. 1981. Ruano, F., Tinaut, A., Soler, J.J. 2000. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Nature (London), 232:346-347, Evans HC, 1973. P. megacephala are aggressive toward other species, and war with populations of such locally dominant species as the Indo-Australian weaver ant Oecophylla smaragdina and the cosmopolitan Argentine ant Linepithema humile (= Iridomyrmex humilis). Bull. 2018. Ser. Jak to mówią w Pheidole megacephala Angielski? Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Changes in ant communities along an age gradient of cocoa cultivation in the Oumé region, central Côte d’Ivoire. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0VM_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. Discovery-dominance trade-off among widespread invasive ant species. Color usually light brown, sometimes brown, gaster darker brown. & Griff. The ant now occupies much of the metropolitan area, and is probably assisting, along with the Argentine Ant (Linepithema humile), with the ongoing demise of Perth’s native ant fauna (Heterick et al. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004, Yeo K., T. Delsinne, S. Komate, L. L. Alonso, D. Aidara, and C. Peeters.