It was triggered by the discovery by Poseidon Nickel of the early indications of a promising nickel deposit in September 1969.. Buy or Sell property in Bulgaria with the leading Bulgarian Estate Agency Newestate. Rank. For the sell prices, I have found some data in the game files and I think it represent the average price for the sell points. The total population in Bulgaria was estimated at 7.0 million people in 2019. The notary’s fees for preparing the preliminary contract should be included in your estate agent’s fee (but make sure you check this beforehand). }; Renovated two- or three-bedroom properties in good condition with a large garden can be found for about €30,000. It started to weaken in 2008. The second graph displays the median * property sale price graph for London, which may be more helpful for spotting trends. Located in very well organized village with several shops, local pub, post office, etc. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU2_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-4').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); 2 bed house with 180 sq.m. Fees are usually payable on the completion of a sale if not before. This is how the real esta Among the most common problems associated with buying in Bulgaria is establishing clear ownership. The Sofia Glove has reported that Bulgaria property prices rose between 6% and 8% during the 2017 year. The trouble was, with companies galore jumping on the bandwagon and, in some cases, an absence of building regulations, supply soon outweighed demand – and that was before the property bubble burst. Anyone buying in Bulgaria needs to ensure they source a reputable estate agent, such as Bulgarian Properties. Here, space is so tight, frontline hotels and apartments almost dip their toes in the warm waters caressing the resort’s six-mile stretch of golden sand. We learnt that sustainable development would come through property investment for own use or long-term investment, not through speculative purchases for fast resale. Japan: 3.82 $ 3. search through properties for sale in Bulgaria. "domain": "justlanded.com", House price growth close to three-year high. Search for houses, apartments, villas and much more. Although rural sales remain way down compared with the crazy years, villages encircled by undeveloped countryside yet close to the coast or a town or city are piquing British buyers’ interest again. Property For Sale in Bulgaria. Our House Price charts show how house prices in the UK have changed and are changing, illustrated both nationwide and by … googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Mobile_Leaderboard', [320, 50], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-6').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); One such region is Veliko Tarnovo and the tiny settlements surrounding this historic mountain town. Most property fees are based on the ‘declared’ purchase price, which may be less than the actual purchase price or its ‘market’ value. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("App", "www"); Chart. A Place in the Sun has properties for everyone. Offering top level services by top level staff in … }); Chart: Price to Income Ratio. Price To Rent Ratio City Centre. These are the properties located in a country side, villages. if (typeof(child) != 'undefined' && child != null) parent.removeChild(child); To read more about the cookies we use and to change your settings see our", Commercial property transactions are subject to VAT at 20 per cent, although VAT-registered entities are entitled to a refund. Many bought during the early noughties boom years when properties could be snapped up for bargain-basement prices. But if you’re after a bargain or a renovation project, you’re spoilt for choice. } The fees associated with buying a property in Bulgaria are listed below, although not all will apply to all sales. Bulgarian inheritance law results in property being divided equally among heirs on death, so ownership can become fragmented. Bulgaria Air introduces rules for baggage carriage on its destinations for all tickets, issued after May 2, 2011. Properties for sale in Bansko and the region, Bulgaria 602 listings found / Page 1 of 41 Top offers Newest property listings Most viewed properties By prices: from lower to higher By price: from higher to lower By size: from smaller to bigger By size: from bigger to smaller Family of four estimated monthly costs: 3,569 лв; Single person estimated monthly costs: 1,478 лв; Bulgaria is the 4th cheapest country in Eastern Europe (10 out of 13) Cost of living in Bulgaria is cheaper than in 76% of countries in the World (57 out of 75) This statistic illustrates the leading damage to property insurance companies in Bulgaria as of March 2019, by gross written premiums. This isn’t the cost of setting up the company, and once the company has been formed you will have access to this money, but you must pay fees and charges relating to the formation and registration of your company amounting to around €500 to €750. November 25, 2020. By continuing to use our website, you agree to the use of cookies. “The market then was very young,  but now we can forecast trends better. Before signing a preliminary contract, check exactly what fees are payable and how much they are, and have these confirmed in writing. Residential property price New Zealand 2020 by region Condominium unit prices in the Greater Tokyo Area 2010-2019 Price index of residential property in Singapore 2009-2018 But that was then and the picture now is very different… the boom years have quickly come and quickly gone… for many investors looking to buy holiday homes or property in Bulgaria it is currently very much a case of wait and see. Housing Index in Thailand averaged 119.07 points from 2008 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 152.70 points in July of 2020 and a record low of 91.60 points in March of 2008. From the brashness of Sunny Beach to the tranquillity of Albena, there is something for everyone in this corner of eastern Europe. } In Dublin, Ireland’s capital city, the residential property price index was down by 1.48% (-2.16% inflation-adjusted) during the year to October 2019, in contrast to a 6.31% y-o-y rise in October 2018, according to the CSO. But interest is now beginning to grow again. Three-tier system after lockdown 2: what will the “tougher” coronavirus measures mean for the property market? “You can’t expect a very high return because not only is the season fairly short competition is tough, so rental prices aren’t high. However, house price growth in Dubai slowed by end of 2014. Under Bulgarian law, you must either be Bulgarian or buy through a Bulgarian limited company to own land. In smaller towns, the figures are smaller. 128.69 Sq.m 2 BR 2BA Room for SALE at The Pano Rama 3! Establishing clear ownership requires the use of a good agent and lawyer. Inspire. Price to be confirmed. You can search instead for how much a specific property sold for in England or Wales using the price paid data service. var child = document.getElementById("recaptcha_error"); Developers along the country’s 230-mile Black Sea coast and high up in its emerging ski resorts went wild, snapping up seemingly every spare acre of land to build myriad apartment blocks. Buy or Sell property in Bulgaria with the leading Bulgarian Estate Agency Newestate. The Globul Property Guide reported at the end of last year that the property prices in Bulgaria have fallen dramatically since 2008. Bulgarian Property Developments (BPD) stock price, charts, trades & the US's most popular discussion forums. Banks are much more conservative about granting mortgages and stricter planning laws apply now, focusing on, among other areas, building heights and density. The average value for Bulgaria during that period was 0.89 percent with a minimum of -27.56 percent in Q3 2009 and a maximum of 21.38 percent in Q2 2007. P/B compares the price with the book value or net asset value of the stockmarket. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU4_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-8').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); Although Bulgaria’s currency is the lev, prices for most Bulgarian properties are quoted in euros, although in some areas popular with UK buyers prices are quoted in sterling. Bliznatsi. Do you have property in Bulgaria for sale? Last update: December 2020 Our data for each country … Sale of property for residential purposes and residential property rental are exempt from value added tax (VAT). Property Monitor provides details about property prices in Dubai for both, villas and apartments, over a period of the last 8 years. All Bulgaria’s major cities saw strong to moderate house price rises during the year to Q1 2020. 4363 properties for sale in Bulgaria. These indices are historical and they are published periodically. Whatever happens, interest in Bulgarian property will never wane because in whichever corner of Bulgaria you look prices remain, arguably, the cheapest in Europe. We offer properties for sale and rent in the Bulgarian sea and ski resorts, Sunny Beach, St. Vlas, Ravda, Nessebar, Golden Sands, Varna, Bourgas, Bansko, We also sell properties in Sofia and Varna, rural houses and villas. When you want a cash buyer for your property in Bulgaria we are the only company who can guarantee cash buyers. It carries lots of the Bulgarian spirit and culture. Select Region: Africa America Asia Europe Oceania 1. Chart: Potato (1kg), Markets. With 10-year Treasuries paying about 2%, negative seems a long way off—the price of the bond would have to rise about 20%. Last year housing prices in major cities in Bulgaria rose by nearly 10% - at least according to official statistics. "learnMore": "privacy & cookie policy. It lies at the distance of around 30 km from both of them. It’s a relatively simple process but you must pay a deposit of between 3,500 lev (€1,800) and 5,000 lev (€2,500) into the company bank account. // ]]> Romania's OPCOM electricity spot volumes - Dec 20, 2020. “For town properties, investment is stable. . You can probably expect to cover your costs and end up with a little profit on top. It is ideal for relocation or holidays. Top price! ", It may be the European Union’s poorest country but Bulgaria is rich in property opportunities. Romania's OPCOM electricity spot prices - Dec 20, 2020. Select Region: Eastern Europe Northern Europe Southern Europe Western Europe. The fees are set by the government and depend on the purchase price of a property, as follows: The maximum fee is 3,000 lev (€1,500). Free forex prices, toplists, indices and lots more. We're both getting a bit longer in the tooth, so we are thinking of selling up. Sell Your Bulgarian Property Fast Online. Collect deposit. In an interview with Kaloyan Boganov he indicated the growth of Bulgaria property prices is mainly in large cities. Furnished one-bedroom apartments cost from €20,000 with two bedrooms starting at €35,000. Unscrupulous, fl y-by-night agents in the past tarnished the country’s reputation in the property world for a time. Picked for you. Real residential property prices Y-on-Y, percent change in Bulgaria, March, 2020: For that indicator, we provide data for Bulgaria from Q1 2006 to Q1 2020.The average value for Bulgaria during that period was 0.89 percent with a minimum of -27.56 percent in Q3 2009 and a maximum of 21.38 percent in Q2 2007. Free forex prices, toplists, indices and lots more. The housing market started to recover in 2014, with house prices rising by almost 8% (8.7% inflation-adjusted). Here, traditional houses in villages such as Matenitsa are functional rather than eye-catching. Are you buying off plan or an existing property? see more. Newly-built and pre-sale property prices were not included. Bulgarian Properties For All Ltd offers properties for sale and rent in all regions of Bulgaria - along the Black sea coast, bulgarian property in ski resorts and mountain villas and house, Bulgarian houses and gardens and agricultural property in rural countryside. “What many buyers like is the social element. j=d.createElement(s),dl=l!='dataLayer'? “Veliko Tarnovo has always been popular among British buyers and that’s why it featured in A Place in the Sun TV series back in 2004,” says Polina. Home prices in Sofia, one of the least expensive capital cities in Europe have gone up to 1000 euros per sq. Rural Bulgaria is like entering a different world where time has stood still, traditional Bulgarian life is treasured and beautiful landscapes remain unscarred by large-scale developments. The property is set in a large village in between the towns of Lom and Montana. Sweden’s nationwide house price index rose by 5.2% (4.2% inflation-adjusted) during the year to Q1 2020, in contrast to a y-o-y decline of 0.5% the previous year, the impact of stricter mortgage requirements having worn off, according to Statistics Sweden.During the latest quarter house prices increased 1.5% (2.4% inflation-adjusted) in Q1 2020. This article is an extract from Buying a Home in Bulgaria from Survival Books. Out in villages such as Elena, Balvan, Vetrintsi and Musina, up to 15 miles away from the town, houses requiring upgrading can be snapped up for as little as €10,000, or even less. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU3_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-5').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); !Best Price!! A notary public charges for preparing the preliminary contract and notary deed and for any checks he makes on a property. Selling agent’s fees are usually around 3 per cent of the purchase price, but they can be as high as 10 per cent depending on the type and level of service provided. During the long housing boom which lasted from 1997 to 2007, French house prices surged by 150% (112.5% inflation-adjusted). “Here you can enjoy a relaxed, back-to-basics existence,  even though being this far away from an urban area doesn’t stop villages offering high-speed internet,” says Polina. Do you have any comments, updates or questions on this topic? Commercial property to rent Commercial property for sale Advertise. It illustrates just how much investors have devalued world banks. The country’s sun-soaked, cheap-and-cheery seaside towns were seen as potential money-spinners by speculative investors who dreamt not only of increasing their equity but of bumper rental yields from holiday lets. This report displays the average * property sale price for each type of property in London for each month from January 1995 to September 2020. Annual running costs usually average around 2 to 3 per cent of the cost of a property. Sofia, Quarter Manastirski Livadi Perfect property for rent suitable for showroom, bank, sales office Wonderful shop with high windows with excellent visibility. googletag.enableServices(); All of this will help Bulgaria avoid mistakes of the past. These include building and contents insurance, standing charges for utilities, maintenance (e.g. googletag.cmd.push(function() { Switzerland 'https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id='+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f); var child = document.getElementById("tipafriend-captcha"); Our fees are set to 2% or 500 Lev whichever is the greater. Property Index 6th edition, July 2017 Property Index 6th edition, July 2017 4 5 This year we also cover the residen-tial rental market area whereby we tried to deal with yield issues from the landlord point of view. Find currency & selling price and other forex information Agent or Solicitor will use the above to draft a set of sales documents for you to sign in your home country, no need to come to Bulgaria. } The chart below shows banks’ price-to-book multiple (P/B). Latest property news. if (width >= 1200) { is anything other than an apartment), you will need to form a limited company. ... Sold house prices. House prices start from €10,000 for a building needing a complete renovation while those requiring just modernisation are marketed from about €30,000 for a two-bedroom property. Property in Sunny Beach, found on Bulgaria's Black Sea is some of the most sought after property in Bulgaria. !Selling The Pano Rama 3 with furniture and electrical appliances.Room Size 128.69 Sq.m 26th Floor2 Bedrooms 2 Bathrooms.Beautiful River ViewOpen KitchenPrivate Parking Spot.Selling at a SPECIAL price for … Property prices may be quoted inclusive or exclusive of agency fees, so make sure you know in advance whether agency fees are included in the price quoted and, if not, who will pay them. History oozes from the cobbled streets and fortified walls. At the property there are 4 conference rooms available with different number of seats - 40, 60, 100 and 150. Similar to stamp duty in the UK, a municipal tax of 2 per cent of the purchase price of the property is paid to the local council. garden and pool, plus communal areas if you buy an apartment or a property in a development with shared facilities), plus a caretaker’s or management fees if you leave a home empty or let it. We have been working for you for over 17 years now. new Date().getTime(),event:'gtm.js'});var f=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0], '&l='+l:'';j.async=true;j.src= Since then the housing market has not moved much. Prices in Bulgaria This country had 11673 entries in the past 12 months by 840 different contributors. Travelling across Bulgaria, evidence of the country’s 45-year communist era remains in the shape of derelict factories and austere apartment blocks. All-Transactions House Price Index for San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA (MSA) Index 1995:Q1=100, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted Q4 1975 to Q3 2020 (Nov 24) Purchase Only House Price … It's a snapshot of the current indices at a specific point in time. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Sponsorship_200x50_NoAdsense', [200, 50], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-0').addService(googletag.pubads()); for sale (Ref.No: VS160) house, bedrooms-0, area 50 sq.m. The weights are the countries' share of the global petroleum products consumption. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Billboard_970x250', [[970, 250], [728, 90]], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-9').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); Properties in good condition rented to students during term time command a rental income of up to €400 a month. Sofia, Bulgaria’s capital, saw an overall house price increase of 6.2% y-o-y in Q1 2020.Prices for new dwellings rose by 5.1% while existing dwellings saw a price increase of 7%. Sell it with us. | TheGlobalEconomy.com Back then, as per any emerging market, problems existed and some people got their fingers burnt as developers went bust. House for sale near Montana (ID: 9845) District: Montana This is yet another offer for a rural house for sale, located in north-western Bulgaria. Tariffs without checked baggage . else if ((width < 1200) && (width >= 768)) { BULGARIAN PROPERTIES™, BULGARIANPROPERTIES.COM™ and the logos are trade marks of Bulgarian Properties Ltd., registered in Bulgaria under VAT#BG131164582 with address: 22, Zlaten Rog Str., Sofia 1407, Bulgaria. Overdevelopment of some Black Sea resorts means plenty of competition for those wanting to earn a rental income during the busy summer season. Sofia Property Market in Q1 2020: Active sales and price growth followed by a pause after lockdown . Real residential property prices Y-on-Y, percent change in Bulgaria, March, 2020 For that indicator, we provide data for Bulgaria from Q1 2006 to Q1 2020. Cheap Renovated Bulgarian houses can be found and near the sea in Varna, Dobrich region with a price starting 2 2000 -25 000EUR. Paperwork necessary for buying a porperty in Bulgaria, Help your kids adapt abroad + Parent tips, lawyer’s fees (see our article on Conveyancing), translator’s fees (normally around 30 lev/€15 per day). In 2015, Dubai’s all-residential property price index (RPPI) fell by 11%, and Abu Dhabi’s RPPI fell by 0.8%. Living area, set on a plot of land 1350 sq.m. Chart: Crime Index Select date: 2020 Mid-Year 2020 2019 Mid-Year 2019 2018 Mid-Year 2018 2017 Mid-Year 2017 2016 Mid-Year 2016 2015 Mid-Year 2015 2014 Mid-Year 2014 2013 2012 Select display column: ---All columns--- Crime Index Safety Index The first step is to obtain (from the municipality) a ‘tax estimated price document’ along with the registered schematics of the property. var parent = document.getElementById("tipafriend"); Local house price variations. Property tax covers the cost of registering the title deeds with the municipality and is equal to 0.15 per cent of the purchase price. property prices in selected (not only) European countries and cities. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("URL", "Fees"); Find your perfect overseas property on the UK's largest property site. The old medieval capital is a picturesque university town perched on the edge of the snaking River Yantra. for sale (Ref.No: VN415) studio, area 38 sq.m. House Prices Last updated: 17/12/2020. "Average price of residential property (120 square meter apartments located in the most important cities) in Europe as of September 2020, per country (in euros per square meter)." Go to next story: Pricing. document.getElementById('thankyou').className='msg hidden'; People in villages – where Bulgarian traditions are maintained – communicate more and have time for relatives and friends.”. You can use this information to make sure you always sell at a good price. "dismiss": "Got it! A large one-bed apartment in Sunset Resort cost €100,000 in 2010 and sold for €45,000 in 2018 Thu, Apr 26, 2018, 17:00 Europe: Current Property Prices Index by City. Bulgarian Properties For Sale by Nyama Problemi Ltd. 15 years experience at your service. Property Prices in Bulgaria Select city in Bulgaria: --- Select city--- Asenovgrad Bansko Blagoevgrad Botevgrad Burgas Dimitrovgrad Dobrich Dupnica Gabrovo Gorna Oryahovitsa Haskovo Jambol Kardzhali Karlovo Kazanlak Knezha Kyustendil Lovech Montana Pazardzhik Pernik Pleven Plovdiv Primorsko Razgrad Ruse Samokov Shumen Silistra Sliven Smolyan Sofia Stara Zagora Sunny Beach Svishtov … . Best Price!! House prices fell by 22% (37% inflation-adjusted) from 2008 to 2013. 128.69 Sq.m 2 BR 2BA Room for SALE at The Pano Rama 3! The PIECE CONCEPT system is based on the quantity, weight and dimensions of the checked-in baggage. The overdeveloped Sunny Beach is the biggest and most popular resort, particularly with the younger generations. While would-be buyers considering relocating to Bulgaria full-time are more likely to look inland for peaceful rural properties, those wanting a holiday home in the sun look to resorts along the Black Sea coast. Revealed: the top 10 search terms most used by homehunters in 2020. see more. “It’s a very nice town, a cultural place with great scenery and many traditional villages nearby. Login. The latest annual rate of increase of the Jersey House Price Index was essentially the same as in 2018. A variety of taxes and fees are payable when you buy a property in Bulgaria, most of which vary according to the price but which may also depend on whether the property has land attached, whether you’re buying through an agent (as opposed to buying direct from the vendor), whether you’ve employed a lawyer and surveyor and whether you employ a translator. “They’re mainly interested in resale properties built five to ten years ago because they’re being marketed at very attractive prices. See houses, villas and apartments from the leading agents in Bulgaria on a map. Visit us to know more! googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); Property Prices Index by Country 2019 . var width = window.innerWidth || document.documentElement.clientWidth; Scan and send documents to your Agent or Solicitor; deeds, marriage dates, divorce dates, address, passports etc. })(window,document,'script','dataLayer','GTM-MQS989'); In addition to the purchase price, you will need to allow for the various costs associated with buying a house in Bulgaria. (function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({'gtm.start': As for how Brexit will affect Britons wanting to buy remains to be seen. House prices have been rising annually by double-digit figures since. Sunny Beach is one of the largest and most developed of those in the Bulgarian property market; with an active market for villas in Sunny Beach and apartments in Sunny Beach as hundreds of thousands of tourists and investors are attracted to its turquoise waters and clear blue skies. Charts; Top 100; Research; Events; Pricing. In fact in the past five years, house prices surged by a total of 107% (94% inflation-adjusted). Is the price now right for Bulgarian property investments? Most village houses suit those wanting  a lifestyle change.”. Housing Index in New Zealand averaged 0.55 percent from 1992 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 6.66 percent in March of 2015 and a record low of -5.10 percent in October of 2015. Bulgaria is back in our Top 10 Places to Buy Abroad index 2019, which pleases Polina Stoykova, managing director of Bulgarian Properties, who believes the country’s property industry has learnt from the financial crash. The Halifax house price index rose 7.6 percent from a year earlier in November 2020, the largest annual increase since June 2016, as the UK property market continued to show signs of recovery from the coronavirus-induced restrictions. Internet and satellite TV. Bulgarian Property Developments (BPD) share price, charts, trades & the UK's most popular discussion forums. During the boom years, the country was well-explored by Britons and seemingly no village or ski resort lacked a British buyer, drawn by rock-bottom prices and other attractions. The housing market has been depressed since. Price to be confirmed. "target": "_blank", Bulgarian Properties 4All Real Estate Agents Team. The third graph displays the number of properties sold each month in London. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("Channel", "Property"); This is one of the fastest rates in the EU, where the average price increase is 4. November 26, 2020. Property Prices > Index by Country. Thankfully, major construction has stopped in Sunny Beach, with resales driving the market. Select display column: More information about these indices. The renowned medical university ensures apartments (one-bedroom from €60,000, two-bedroom €80,000) are in demand from students and buyers can expect a 10 per cent rental yield. We represent a pool of high net worth investors from across the world who offer you a quick and fast and free turnaround to sell Bulgarian property online. A wide range of international property to buy in Bulgaria with Primelocation. Travelling across Bulgaria, evidence of the country’s 45-year communist era remains in the shape of derelict factories and austere apartment blocks. The store is an excellent choice for a showroom, bank, sales office and more. Once the reference point has been established, the Price Index value of every other city in the database is calculated by … 10 / 10 articles left Bulgaria power consumption - Dec 19, 2020. However, an increase in rural tourism means that income possibilities exist for anyone offering bed and breakfast to those exploring Bulgaria’s lush green rolling hills, deep valleys and wooded hillsides. "message": "We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. Back then, anyone buying a house (apartments weren’t affected) had to set up a company for a nominal fee and issue an annual tax return via an accountant, merely to legitimise the ownership of land. "theme": "light-top" window.cookieconsent_options = { var googletag = googletag || {}; New figures from the Halifax released today show UK house prices rising for the third consecutive month in September, the first quarterly increase for two years. While price falls were moderate, so too have been price rises since then. Excellent shop for rent on Bulgaria Blvd. Despite their importance, including for macroeconomic policymaking as the 2008-09 financial crisis well illustrated, little internationally comparable statistics exist showing how house price developments differ across regions and cities within countries. Offering Bulgarian property at real prices, by the real Bulgarian Property experts. Rural houses are not really for investment purposes, although there is potential to run them as family hotels. “A small percentage of British buyers are still looking to buy properties at bargain prices or purchase houses with the intention of moving to Bulgaria permanently,” says Ben Collins of Collins Estates, which specialises in the resale market along the Black Sea coast. House prices start from €10,000 for a building needing a complete renovation while those requiring just modernisation are marketed from about €30,000 for a two-bedroom property. see more. Appoint either the agent or a solicitor to represent you in Bulgaria for the sale. //