Teachers who are readers are more likely to have students who read too. This results in a kind of personal intertextuality, where the patterns form and re-form as we read more different books. It also explains the relatively new trend in graded readers toward original and more compelling subject matter. This is because you will be reading longer texts, which naturally require more time to read, and because sitting down to read for longer periods allow you to get into the "flow" of reading, and therefore mentally process the material more deeply. Choose a set number of pages and set a stopwatch for a set amount of time. The results displayed in Table 1 are strong confirmation of the benefits of ER on learning to read. Increasing reading rate is important because rate is a critical component of fluent reading. g) Resistance from teachers, who find it impossible to stop teaching and to allow learning to take place. So Extensive Reading has a lot to offer - both for our students and ourselves. They can visualise and interpret what they read in their own way. Let me know in the comments below! Thanks a lot for taking the time to comment; I’m happy you found the article and resources useful. The course will be held at UAB Languages, the language school of one […], Seven Benefits of Extensive Reading for English Language Students, Presentation of “The Image in English Language Teaching”, Train in the Use of Film and Video with me in Barcelona, http://www.robwaring.org/papers/waring_Nova_2011.pdf, https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/extensive-reading-why-it-good-our-students%E2%80%A6-us, https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/extensive-reading, http://www.cambridge.org/elt/readers/prowse1.htm, Train Online in Film and Video with Kieran in January, Train with Kieran in Film and Video Online, Train with Kieran in Barcelona this summer. Oxford University Press, Japan, Waring, Rob  (2006)  ‘Why Extensive Reading should be an indispensable part of all language programmes’. The reading material is easy. (1991) ‘Incidental EFL vocabulary learning and reading.’  Reading in a Foreign Language. This helps them to consolidate what they already know and to extend it. Extensive reading is order to gain a general understanding of what is read. Moreover, the benefits of intensive reading include enhancing reading comprehension, helping students by understanding sentence structure and developing critical thinking as students have to answer all required questions after reading. Vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. Materials are within the language competence of the students. There is a well-established link between reading and writing. Extensive reading responds to this issue by providing a break from the old traditional teaching methods that have forced students for decades to choose between reading difficult and boring books, or otherwise failing the class. ER allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to them. Regular wide reading can add zest and pleasure to our own use of the language. One of the earliest key studies was conducted by where they implemented what is known as a book flood program. As against, intensive refers to in-depth or concentrated. http://nflrc.hawaii.edu/rfl/October2002/day/day.html, Elley, W.B  (1991)  ‘Acquiring literacy in a second language: the effect of book-based programmes.’   Language Learning. Intensive reading: "the readers carefully and closely read a short text with the intention of gaining an understanding of as much as detail as possible" (Scrivener, 1994, p.188). The Benefits of Extensive Reading (ER) Richard R. Day There have been a number of experimental and quasi-experimental studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of ER and to provide support for the use of ER in English as a second language (ESL) and EFL classroom settings. 2. It also enhances collaboration among students, as it sometimes done in pair or group work. London: Routledge. For specifics of how to create such a library, see David Hill's "Setting up an Extensive Reading Programme," and "Graded Readers: Choosing the … (Krashen 2004) If this is true for learners, how much more true for teachers, who risk infection by exposure to so much restricted and error - laden English or who only read professional literature? It can be compared with extensive reading, which involves learners reading texts for enjoyment and to develop general reading skills. Too much unknown language prevents students from reading quickly and fluently. If you are reading a novel you will critique the author’s work. Journal of Reading, 37, 662–667. The familiarity of syntactic patterns acquired through extensive reading enables the learners to string together various words to produce their own creative original language which is in conformity to established patterns. Extensive reading helps teachers to be better informed, both about their profession and about the world. Students can read anywhere, at any time, and reading extensively helps them become more autonomous learners. Overall, students’ motivation is a key factor of a workable extensive reading program. e) Lack of understanding of ER and its benefits. (1989)   ‘Extensive reading and the development of language skills.’   ELT Journal 43 (1) 4-13. And most learners believe that practice makes perfect. use of simplified texts15, with particular advantages seen in the development of reading fluency. Extensive reading . Research evidence for the use of such programs in EFL/ESL contexts is presented, emphasizing the benefits of this type of input for students' English language learning and skills development. It is pretty obvious that extensive reading helps students become better readers. These include gains in reading and writing competence, oral and aural skills, vocabulary growth, and increases in motivation, self-esteem and empathy. I have always believed that reading helps students to speak, but know I not only confirmed that belief, but I also learned other usages of reading. (1989)   ‘Extensive reading and the development of language skills.’   ELT Journal 43 (1)  4-13. 4 years ago. Acquisition of vocabulary from the Sweet Valley Kids series: Adult ESL acquisition. The idea that learners can develop their language knowledge through extensive reading is attractive for several reasons. (Peter Lutzker). I was delighted to present “The Image in English Language Teaching” at UAB Idiomes Barcelona on Friday 27th October. Numerous studies show that the amount of reading engaged in correlates with overall reading development4, and in particular, improvements in reading fluency. Maley, Alan (2008)  ‘Extensive Reading: Maid in Waiting’ in B. Tomlinson (ed)  English Language Learning Materials: a critical review. Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading are … Successful Extensive Reading means that students read very easy and enjoyable books for pleasure to build their reading speed and reading fluency below their level of English. And it is highly individual. In simple terms Extensive Reading is reading as many easy books as possible for pleasure, and can be contrasted with intensive reading which is slow, careful reading of a short, difficult text. What are the benefits of extensive reading? Readers can start and stop at will, and read at the speed they are comfortable with. “The Benefits of Extensive Reading” is a “Pride and Prejudice” inspired novella that starts during Elizabeth’s stay at Netherfield to take care of her sister Jane. Students who read extensively also become more autonomous learners. (2002, pp. An interview I gave to Dirk Lagerwaard of NovELTies about the role of empathy in the ELT classroom. There is no way any learner will meet new language enough times to learn it in the limited number of hours in class. In addition, reading can be a fun and imaginative time for children, which opens doors to all kinds of new worlds for them. Extensive means covering a substantial area and so, extensive reading refers to that type of reading in which students read and refer to large quantities of material, chosen by themselves. Maley (2008) deals with ER comprehensively. Switching your reading into your target language will certainly expose you to much more vocabulary than you would normally learn. First, reading is essentially an individual activity and therefore learners of different proficiency levels could be learning at their own level without being … Probably the most cited benefit of Extensive Reading is that it can extend and sustain students’ vocabulary growth. Are there any other Extensive Reading resources you’ve used with your students? There is ‘a spread of effect from reading competence to other language skills ~ writing, speaking and control over syntax.’ (Elley 1991) The same phenomenon is noted by Day and Bamford (1998: 32-39) but they even note evidence of improvements in the spoken language. Learn more about the meaning, examples & advantages of extensive reading in order to develop reading skills to improve your performance at work. As well as providing an avenue for relaxation, reading provides an ideal way to unwind at the end of a hectic day. Experts in language and literacy development such as Harvard University Education Professor Catherine Snow believe that you need to encounter a word or phrase in different contexts between 15 and 20 times to have a high possibility of learning the word or phrase. (Hoey 2005). The texts are not just interesting: they are engaging/ compelling. Krashen, Stephen  (2nd edition. : Chapter 10 Reading and Writing Relations. Reading Journal: Its Benefits for Extensive Reading Jonathan Aliponga English Education Department Kansai University of International Studies Shioe 1-3-23 Amagasaki, Hyogo 661-0976, Japan. One effect of extensive reading that appears with short-term programs is on reading attitudes and reading habits. That is to say that students should decide what, when, where and how often they read. It can limits one to a level of reading. Extensive reading is moving away from the intensive reading of answer identification in your Cambridge, TOEFL or IELTS exams, and the reading skills of skimming and scanning toward a more relaxed form of reading; the kind of reading you do on the sofa because you want to, because there is nothing on TV or there’s nothing on your streaming service worth watching. ... extensive reading. Extensive reading is the way languages are learned; it improves one's vocabulary. By presenting items in context, it also makes the deduction of meaning of unknown items easier. London/New York: Continuum  pp133-156. Kieran. We know that vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. In particular, developing reading speed is important because it helps learners to understand language faster and better. ; Extensive Reading expands, strengthens and maintains vocabulary growth (Soltani, 2011 cited in Guo, 2012). Disadvantages Extensive Farming can have the following problems, Yields tend to be much lower than with intensive farming in the short term. Extensive reading extends, consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth. Hi Shaely, … Students have a wide variety of genres and topics to choose from. There is no cheaper or more effective way to develop learner autonomy. If you want to try extensive reading, you will need to get some graded readers from the library. I’m very happy you found the article useful Its attention is paid to the meaning of the text itself not the language. Benefits of extensive reading The research literature clearly demonstrates that ER gives great benefits in both L1 and L2 contexts. Scrivener, J. (2002) ‘Top Ten Principles for teaching extensive reading.’   Reading in a Foreign Language. Disadvantages Of Extensive Reading. It has been variously described as Free Voluntary Reading (FEVER), Uninterrupted Silent Reading (USR), Sustained Silent Reading (SSR), Drop Everything and Read (DEAR), or Positive Outcomes While Enjoying Reading (POWER). Since the products are available everywhere (practically), consumers are aware of the same. Students read for pleasure, information or general understanding. It is this that fuels the compulsion to read the next Harry Potter. An integral part of this is learning new vocabulary. London/New York: Continuum,  pp 221-233, Hafiz, F.M and Tudor, I. Benefits of Extensive Reading By Edna Orozco López and Miguel de la Ferrelle OrtizWhat is extensive reading?According to Richard Day extensive reading means that students read many andeasy books for information and enjoyment. Thank you for this list of benefits of reading and related resources and references. Scanning is when the reader is looking for a particular idea or piece of information. 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